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Cohort - Research Skills: Referencing



Why Reference?

Using the right sources in your work provides you with the supporting evidence you need in your assignment. Referencing is the acknowledgement of the sources that you use in your work.

You must reference all sources that you use in your assignment, including words and ideas, facts, images, videos, audio, websites, statistics, diagrams and data.

Read a chapter on why referencing matters

Good referencing:

  • Shows what you have read

Your references demonstrate the depth and the breadth of your reading.  

  • Enables the reader to locate the sources referred to in your paper

Researchers rely on referencing to locate sources.  

  • Supports and strengthens your argument

An academic paper is a carefully constructed argument in the sense that you take a position on an issue and support it with evidence gathered from the sources you have read, to try to convince your readers. 

  • Demonstrates academic integrity

Proper referencing ensures that you have acknowledged your sources and that you have done your best to avoid plagiarism

Deakin University. (2015, July 13). Deakin guide to referencing. Retrieved from Used with Permission.


For more training on this topic visit

Learning and Academic Skills Unit (LASU) 

All campuses have Academic Skills Advisors who hold regular training sessions on essay writing skills. Arrange a session with them if you need.


Academic Writing Guides:

When referencing your assignments, always refer to the Guide relevant to your course.

This is the standard against which you're marked.



Examples of references

Example of a book (APA 6th ed. Style):

Harrison, R. (2006). Academic skills: Reading, writing and study skills. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.



Example of a journal article (APA 6th ed. Style):

Montessory, J. (2011). The effects of pollution on respiratory function. Journal of Environmental Medicine, 30(3), 3-7.